Use of migrant workers to supplement an already low supply of workers in OECD countries has been a fact of life for many years. This is especially true Europe where ageing service providers need them to be able to maintain enough workers to care for their residents.

According to a recent BBC article on the OECD, rich countries are trying to encourage permanent migration by highly skilled migrants while restricting less-skilled immigrants to temporary status. As noted in the report, ‘cycling repeated waves of temporary workers in and out of a country to work at the same jobs is inefficient.’

Cycling of temporary workers, coupled with the fact that many countries are tightening their immigration policies due to political pressure and concerns about economic slowdowns, complicates the situation and puts a greater strain on companies in need of workers.