The Global Ageing Section of the Center for Strategic International Studies has long been a leader in providing strategic insights and policy solutions to decision makers in government, international institutions, the private sector and civil society.

Their latest study, Latin America’s Aging Challenge: Demographics and Retirement Policy in Brazil, Chile, and Mexico examines the economic, social, and geopolitical implications of the dramatic demographic transformation that is about to overtake the region.

When people in other parts of the world think of Latin America, they usually picture youthful societies characterized by lofty birthrates, large families, and chronic labor surpluses. Yet by mid-century, several of the region’s largest economies may have older populations than the United States.

The report argues that Latin America has an important—but rapidly narrowing—window of opportunity to prepare for the aging challenge. If it fails to strengthen its retirement systems and boost living standards, the age wave could lead to widespread economic hardship and social instability—even a “humanitarian aging crisis.”